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The National Museum of Amsterdam - or Rijksmuseum- is dedicated to the art, the crafts and history. Their main collections are the Collection of Asian Art and the well-known one like Masterpieces, conformed by paintings of the Century of Dutch Gold.
The Rijksmuseum was founded on 1800, with the support of the financier Alexander Gorel. Its original location was the Palace of Frederik Hendrik and Huis ten Bosh, near The Hague. In that time he was well-known like the National Gallery of Art - Nationale Kunst-Gallerij-.
In 1808 the collection moved to Amsterdam by order of king Luis Napoleón, brother of Napoleón Bonaparte. It was installed in a great room and two rooms of smaller dimension in the Real Palace. The pictures pertaining to the city were added to the original heap that gave welcome him. Among them, the round at night, that today is one of the main pieces of the museum.
Throughout century XIX the Rijksmuseum changed of location in successive occasions, and its collection grew considerably. 63 works of a collection of Rotterdam and around 587 more at the end of 1814 were acquired.
In 1885, the museum was changed to its present location, a building designed by Dutch architect Pierre Cuypers. This magnificent construction, that occupies a place privileged in the Place of the Museums - or Museumplein- combines gothic and Renaissance elements, and beautifully is decorated with images that list the history of the Dutch art. One is near the Museum van Gogh and of the Stedelijk Museum.
The collection that has arrived until us counts on works of as famous artists as Angelical Fra, Geertgen tot Sint Jans, Ferdinand Bowl, Nicolaes Maes, Guerrit Dou, Jacob Ruysdael, Lucas go Leyden, Jan Brueghel the Old man, Frans Hals, Pedro Pablo Rubens, Johannes Vermeer, Jan Vermeer and the teacher Rembrandt van Rijn. Of this one last one paintings of great relevance in the historiography are conserved there, as the round at night, the Jewish fianc2ee, the tree of Jesé, the death of the innocents and numerous landscapes of old Holland.
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