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Athens in the V before ours was, Alexandria a pair of centuries later, imperial Rome, Florence in the Renaissance, Islamic Cordova, isabelino London, Vienna to finisecular, Paris and New York in century XX… all great city knows its moment glory which, by one or the other reason (artistic, political, economic) it becomes capital of the world.

Also Amsterdam rose over the rest of large cities. It happened in the XVII, when the development of the commerce and the push of a liberal bourgeoisie put the bases of modern Amsterdam. Visited who it they were astonished by the splendor of the port, the construction of channels, animated of its streets and spirit of freedom that animated the set.

We propose a tourist trip to you by the city of then so that you remember during your next stay in anyone of the hotels in Amsterdam, will help you to know more deeply this city.

But before, we remember that Amsterdam had been born in the XII on the marshes that surrounded the opening by the Amstel river. From the beginning they were necessary works of drainage and the construction of docks. From one of the first urban prey it always ended up arising concurred Dam place, place that still today must part of its appearance to the XVII.

For example, the building that served as City council. A great palace inaugurated in the Fifties that replaced other devoured by the flames. Or the Nieuwe Kerk, the New Church, constructed years before on a previous temple also set afire.

To the right of the Amstel the most important activities were undertaken throughout that century XVII from the point of view of urbanism. The extension of the city required the opening of three great channels (they grachten) around which were located the mansions of the triumphant bourgeoisie: the Herengracht, the Keizersgracht and the Prinsengracht.

Besieged by the Keizersgracht and the Prinsengracht it remained, and it remains, the Westerkerk, the raised calvinista church in the Twenties of the XVII and in which Rembrandt was buried in 1669. The calvinistas, divided and faced in two groups, had own temple from 1611, year in which the works of the Zuiderkerk finalized, with their beautiful tower, the first constructed calvinista church in the left part of Amsterdam.

Fundamental paper in the height of the city represented the Dutch Company of the Eastern Indians, founded on 1602, under whose shelter stock-market was created, modern institution in its operation that even knew its respective crises speculative. Crash more important at the same time as peculiar of the time it was due to the speculation not with hypothecating products or bottoms of risk but with… tulips.

Vestiges of the tolerance and the cosmopolitan atmosphere of the Amsterdam of the time are still observed in the Portuguese Synagog, not very far from the Zuiderkerk. Consecrated in 1675, she was most luxurious of the three Jewish synagogs that the city had.

The Netherlands had become instead of welcome of the numerous persecuted minorities or simply of then the calls librepensadores philosophers. Only from Spain and Portugal (united in 1580 under the unique throne of Felipe II) thousands of immigrants arrived (protestant, sefardíes, humanists asphyxiated with the inquisitorial atmosphere who dominated the peninsula).

In one of those families of Iberian Jews philosopher Baruj Spinoza would be born. Still educated in Gallego, Castilian Portuguese and, what pain that the intolerance of the country of its parents disabled to the peninsula of so great son for the posterity. Perhaps although they are not these but foolish considerations then, as same Spinoza taught, perhaps the thought does not have another town that the universal one.

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