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I had the opportunity to see the history of Amsterdam represented in a exhibition that was celebrated during my visit to the Dutch city, in the same Dam Place. It turned out surprising to see the example of planning and good order to me that Amsterdam supposes, a city that has known to control to the obstacles that the Nature has wanted to impose to him with the passage of the centuries.
The city was born towards year 1,200 being a small town of fishermen that was located in the environs of a marsh in the entrance of the Amstel river. At that time the houses had to be done in stop anticipating the possible floods. A century later, towards the 1,300 had been created a ring more in the town, being based throughout the Damrak; the first walls already had been constructed and in center, in which today it is the Dam Place, the castle of the Bons Amstel showed its feudal dominion.
The walls contributed to their growth because it protected the commerce, especially when, in addition, they discovered towards the year a 1385 method with which to cure and to desalt the fish, its better commercial product. From this time they date the first cases of typical construction next to the channels, houses constructed in different levels and that also served as warehouse.
Nevertheless, those constructions, essentially of wood, underwent two devastating fires. After the one of 1452, that destroyed a good part of the city, the use of the wood in the constructions was abolished.
Amsterdam would finish becoming the capital of a insurrectionist Dutch Republic during century XVI, and from his ascent he was unstoppable there, until arriving at century XVII, the Golden age of Amsterdam.
Soon docks began to be created and pólders and the city began to grow like commercial center of all Europe. Century XVII was the one of its apogee: they were the center of Europe, commercially speaking, and the wealth that moved translated in fine and beautiful constructions.
The Dutch Empire extended until Indonesia; the Dutch Company of the Eastern Indians was created and in America they were entered in Brazil. To the north they bought Manhattan and they created the New Amsterdam until the first war against England arrived that diminished its marine power until entered century XX.
In this past century they were able to stay neutral during World War I, but in World War II, Germany invaded Amsterdam. The population lived terrified and many were assassinated and persecuted, like Ana Frank and his family. Nevertheless, after the end of the Great War and post Amsterdam depression welcomed the movement hippy. Many social revolts, many problems of intolerances cost and disturbances in the streets, but after that one first rebellious generation arrived another one more pacifist, and between all they turned to Amsterdam into the example of the liberality and solidarity, in the place where modernity and the cosmopolitismo coexist peacefully with the most traditional culture. In a city, to sum up, multicultural.
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