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Erasmo de Rotterdam

Erasmo de Rotterdam is the humanist, par excellence synonymous of traveller and antischolastic, precursory intellectual, almost without wanting it, of the protestant Reformation in Central Europe.

He was illegal son of a citizen of Gouda, born in second half of century XV. It was educated in the School of the Brothers of the Life Common in Deventer, a congregation of lay that, sinseguían religious votes and the rule of San Agustín. Later Augustinian priest in Steyn would become ordained itself. Erasmo was religious, but really it did not feel absolutely comfortable with the monastic life.

One settled down in Paris and it wrote humanistic manuals that would become famous. Later it would return to the Netherlands, from where it would happen to England. The English experience and the contact with important intellectuals, as Thomas Dwells changed to him and he convinced to him to leave the life that took between monastic and literary, to dedicate itself completely to the humanistic studies.

In 1503 well-known publishes in Louvain its book more, the Enchiridion, in which it advocated a form different from Christian mercy, more inner and spiritualized, without hardly dogmas, relativizing the outer Christianity and hypocritical. It is in the origin of the religious radicalidad that later would grow in Europe.

It undertakes a trip to Italy crossing Europe to his step, being related to other humanists. To his return to Paris it will publish his Praise of the stupidity. Later one will settle down as professor in Cambridge and will be received by own Enrique VIII. Erasmo is already very famous and their ideas have great influence.

It returns to go on a trip and in Strasbourg it knows the Circle of Strasbourg, intellectuals who later would be a key piece of the Reformation in this city.  In Basel Erasmo it will already be the center of an active group of humanists and monks who plead, like him, by the reforms.

The bilingual edition of its New Testament raises the opposition because when translating strictly the Greek text omits a basic principle in the Christian dogma as he is the one of the Trinidad. The critics begin to get worse envelope he and its work. It is accused to him, in addition, to have incited the Lutheran revolt that at those moments shook Europe thanks to its critics anti-monacales and his philological attitude before the mysteries of the religion.

Lutero animates to him to support the reform abiertamente, but Erasmo, friend always of ambiguities and something coward did never it. When one condemns Lutero and the situation becomes too tense leaves the Netherlands not to return.

One settles in Basel and it continues writing. One will be in opposition to Lutero in some of his assumptions in his Of I release will, being interpreted by that one as a frontal attack. Later it will indicate his fidelity to the Church to new Pope Paulo III and will die in 1536.

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